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1.Introduction:

Throughout history, there was two different type of medicine, which are being used until now. These
types are called the ”art of healing” and the” science of healing” (Kayne,2009). First and according to
Steven Kayne (2009), the ”science of healing ”is based on the scientific fact, studies and the
experiments. On the other hand, the art of healing is a way of treatment that is based on beliefs and
studying the patient ‘s health status. However, the art of healing otherwise called complementary and
alternative medicine has been conventional in the UK. According to Vickers and Zollman (1999) (2),
about 1000 doctor in the UK has become homoeopathy therapists. Besides, in the report that has
been made by the lancet in 2007, ”around 13000 patients are treating in five homoeopathic hospitals
per year”. Homoeopathy and acupuncture are examples for complementary and alternative medicine.
So, if we want to define homoeopathy and acupuncture, we can say that: homoeopathy is the uses of
low doses medicines, which have positive effects. Furthermore, acupuncture is ” the stimulation of
special points on the body usually by fine needles” (Vickers, Zollman, 1999) (1). This report will
analyse the risks and effectiveness of both homoeopathy and acupuncture and will form the basis of
recommendations to the government to allocate the budget either homeopathy or acupuncture in
hospitals.

2.Homoeopathy

2.1 effectiveness

Homoeopathy is the most popular way for curing diseases by complementary medicine. It also is used
for many years, and even some people consider it as traditional treatment. Homoeopathy is the
treatment which uses a diluted medicine that gives more significant effects, drugs, biochemical substances or
uses natural substances as medicines such as herbs, onion or snake venom. (Vickers,
Zollman,1999). The effectiveness of homoeopathy is still conventional. Some scientist assumes that
the success of homoeopathy treatment is based on the placebo effect. However, it could cause some
adverse effects on patients, and these effects called the nocebo effects. (Teixeira, Guedes, Barreto,
Martins (2010)). However, homoeopathy therapists believe that the way they use their treatment is
safe and more beneficial than others. Besides, it is highly recommended for children whose parents
feel concerned about the effects of drugs or allopathic medicines (Salatino et al.2016) They also
believe that homoeopathy is good for those who suffer from chronic diseases such as eczema,
rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, etc. (Vickers, Zollman, 1999) (2) .the finding of Goldacre ( 2007)points out
that during the 19th century and in the cholera period the death rates increased in hospitals while they
were lower in homoeopathic hospitals in London.

2.2 Risks

Despite the effectiveness of homoeopathy, scientist tend to believe that these effects have not been
Proved yet. What is more, the homoeopathic says that the allopathic medicines have not proved them
effectiveness yet. In addition to that, they are using a wrong philosophy which is based on beliefs and
anecdotal evidence instead of studies and researches((Kayne,2009).). They are also not qualified to
be practitioners because they only depend on training and they think that the more they work or train,
the better practitioners they will be. Moreover, Ernst (2005) affirmed the risks of homoeopathy and
mentioned that the risks are more likely to occur. He also found that some homoeopaths are advising
mothers against vaccination.

3.Acupuncture

3.1 Effectiveness

Acupuncture is a chinse traditional treatment that the body affects the functioning of a certain organ
(West,1997).to be more specific in acupuncture they use fine needles which are inserted on the
body. On the other hand, all the theory of acupuncture is based on the Daoist concept of ” yin and
yang”. However, the human body is controlled by a vital force called ”QI”. This force or energy is
circulated between the organs along channels called meridians. In our bodies, there are 12 main
meridians; these 12 meridians are connected to 12 major functions or ” organs” of the body
(Vickers, Zollman, 1999) (1). First, acupuncture can improve the induvial exercise capacity.
(Nascimento, Hossri, Berwanger, Carvalho, 2012) found that a patient had a large improvement after having
trials of acupuncture. consequently, they found that acupuncture increase oxygen pulse by 38% and 13% for the
peak ventilation.

2.2 Risks

Although most people prefer using acupuncture and they see it the safe and beneficial, a
lot of studies show that acupuncture has a lot of side effects that influence the patient. A
journal was written by Edzard Ernst (2010) and in this Journal he shows that “acupuncture
causes mild adverse effects such as bleeding and pain at the sites of needling in about 10%
of patients. Additional serious adverse effects have also been noted, including injuries to
vital organs”.
2.Homeopathy

2.3 People demand

Reference list:

1) Kayne, S. (2009). Complementary and alternative medicine. 2nd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press.

2) (1)Vickers, A. and Zollman, C. (1999). ABC of complementary medicine: Acupuncture. BMJ, 319(7215), pp.973-976.

3) (2) Vickers, A. and Zollman, C. (1999). ABC of complementary medicine: homeopathy. BMJ, 319(7215), pp.1115-1118

4) Teixeira, M.Z., Guedes, C.H.F.F., Barreto, P.V. ; Martins, M.A. 2010, “The placebo effect and homeopathy”, Homeopathy, vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 119-129. in

5) Salatino, S., Balgradean, M., Beer, A., Burlaka, I., Buskin, S., Kamenov, B., Pettenazzo, A., Popova, D., Riveros Huckstadt, M., Sakalinskas, V., Seltmann, A., Tischer, B. and Oberbaum, M. (2016). Usage and attitudes towards homeopathy and natural remedies in general paediatrics: a cross-country overview. Homeopathy, online 105(1), p.35. Available at: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2333794X15625409 Accessed 26 Nov. 2018.

6)Goldacre, B. (2007). Benefits and risks of homoeopathy. The Lancet, 370(9600), pp.1672-1673.

7)Ernst, E. (2005). Is homeopathy a clinically valuable approach?. Elsevier Ltd, online Volume 26(Issue 11), pp.547 – 548. Available at: https://www-sciencedirect-com.ezproxy.brighton.ac.uk/science/article/pii/S016561470500218X Accessed 28 Nov. 2018.

8) Nascimento, R., Hossri, C., Berwanger, O. and Carvalho, V. (2012). Acupuncture and exercise capacity: A case report. Clinics, online 67(2), pp.193-194. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3275128/ Accessed 28 Nov. 2018.