2399030-78457900 CIVIL AND ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING SECTION DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING Gauging Levels of Stakeholders Compliance to Rules and Regulations in Commercial Projects in Muscat In partial fulfillment for the award of degree of Advanced Diploma in Quantity Surveying 9105903663951

2399030-78457900
CIVIL AND ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING SECTION DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING
Gauging Levels of Stakeholders Compliance to Rules and Regulations in Commercial Projects in Muscat
In partial fulfillment for the award of degree of
Advanced Diploma in Quantity Surveying
9105903663951.Anood Moosa Al Zadjali 16S1445
2.Ghaida Abdullah Al Yahyaie 12S1468
3.Maryam Amran Al Amri 12S14101
4.Rajaa Hilal Al Jabri 12S14143
5.Reham Hilal Al Husaini 12J15191
001.Anood Moosa Al Zadjali 16S1445
2.Ghaida Abdullah Al Yahyaie 12S1468
3.Maryam Amran Al Amri 12S14101
4.Rajaa Hilal Al Jabri 12S14143
5.Reham Hilal Al Husaini 12J15191
Report Submitted by
Under the Supervision of
Mrs. Shakila JavedHIGHER COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY
Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.

June 2018
Engineering Department
Student Declaration Form
Semester 3 Academic Year (2017-2018)
To: The Head, Department of Engineering
We are students of Diploma second year Level and Quantity Surveying Specialization in the Civil and Architectural section, Engineering Department, hereby declare that all our submissions, as requirements for the course Final Year Project, are results of our own original work except for source materials explicitly acknowledge by proper citations.
We also understand that plagiarism is an offense that can lead to disciplinary action depending on the seriousness of the case.

-3810321310Name ID No: Signature
1.Anood Moosa Al Zadjali 16S1445
2.Ghaida Abdullah Al Yahyaie 12S1468
3.Maryam Amran Al Amri 12S14101
4.Rajaa Hilal Al Jabri 12S14143
5.Reham Hilal Al Husaini 12J15191
Date
00Name ID No: Signature
1.Anood Moosa Al Zadjali 16S1445
2.Ghaida Abdullah Al Yahyaie 12S1468
3.Maryam Amran Al Amri 12S14101
4.Rajaa Hilal Al Jabri 12S14143
5.Reham Hilal Al Husaini 12J15191
Date

BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE
Certified that this project report titled “Gauging Levels of Stakeholders Compliance to Rules and Regulations in Commercial Projects in Muscat”, is the bona fide work of the following students who carried out the project under my supervision. Certified further, that to the best of my knowledge the work reported herein does not form part of any other thesis or dissertation on the basis of which a degree or award was conferred on an earlier occasion on this or any other student.
-3810394970Name ID No: Signature
1.Anood Moosa Al Zadjali 16S1445
2.Ghaida Abdullah Al Yahyaie 12S1468
3.Maryam Amran Al Amri 12S14101
4.Rajaa Hilal Al Jabri 12S14143
5.Reham Hilal Al Husaini 12J15191
00Name ID No: Signature
1.Anood Moosa Al Zadjali 16S1445
2.Ghaida Abdullah Al Yahyaie 12S1468
3.Maryam Amran Al Amri 12S14101
4.Rajaa Hilal Al Jabri 12S14143
5.Reham Hilal Al Husaini 12J15191

Ms. Khulood Saif Al Danaqi Mrs. Shakila JavedHOS- CAE Supervisor
Date:
ABSTRACT
Report on ”Gauging levels of stakeholders’ compliance to Rules and Regulations in Commercial Projects in Muscat”. Encloses the detailed information about the importance of providing suitable solution for fraud cases which may happen in commercial projects due to the participant who are involved on it which to overcome on the failure of the project and lead to it’s success by increasing the productivity also decreasing the impediment during construction process. This report illustrates the different types of hoax which exercised by various team members, explain how to develop the security strategy during construction and implement the right rules to reduce the fraud levels. Furthermore, focusing on information about whether client, design team or construction team following the rules and regulations in construction process.

A questionnaire was distributed to 30 members who work in different areas to compare between each vision/opinion from their point of view the actual event that happened during the progress of work in many types of projects. However, the data was collected by the help of the distributed questionnaire which support our study. This research can help to develop the future construction projects.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT
We would like to express special thanks to Mr. Jamal Abid who have given us advise and help for choosing a title for this research and Ms. Shakila Javed, the one who helped us and supervised to get more information and ideas for the project.

Acknowledgment is also for the project coordinator Ms. Raquel C. Lappay
-343535244475Chapter No. Title Page No.

00Chapter No. Title Page No.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
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1.1
1.2
1.3
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2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
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2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
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1.2
1.3
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2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
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1141730190098ABSTRACT
ACKNOWLEGMENT
LIST OF TABLES
LIST OF FIGURES
INTRODUCTION
Background of the project
Objective / Aim of the Project
Importance of the Project
LITERATURE REVIEW
Introduction
Definitions of Terms
Types of Fraud
How the fraud can be exercised?
How each participant exercises the Fraud?
The reason of Fraud in Commercial Projects
Negative impact of Fraud
A Contract
The commercial Law
Real Fraudulent Cases around the World
METHODOLOGY
0ABSTRACT
ACKNOWLEGMENT
LIST OF TABLES
LIST OF FIGURES
INTRODUCTION
Background of the project
Objective / Aim of the Project
Importance of the Project
LITERATURE REVIEW
Introduction
Definitions of Terms
Types of Fraud
How the fraud can be exercised?
How each participant exercises the Fraud?
The reason of Fraud in Commercial Projects
Negative impact of Fraud
A Contract
The commercial Law
Real Fraudulent Cases around the World
METHODOLOGY

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1142204245464RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
CONCLUISON AND RECOMMENDATIONS
REFERENCES
APPENDICES
00RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
CONCLUISON AND RECOMMENDATIONS
REFERENCES
APPENDICES
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LIST OF TABLES
-339725368935Table No. Title Page No.

2.1 Different types of fraud suffered in the construction, engineering 5
and infrastructure sector.
00Table No. Title Page No.

2.1 Different types of fraud suffered in the construction, engineering 5
and infrastructure sector.

LIST OF FIGURES
-339725293370Figure No. Title Page No.

00Figure No. Title Page No.

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4.1
4.2
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4.18

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57086539370Methodology
The Participants
Type of the project
Do you think fraud is a problem for construction in general?
Analysis of Problem of fraud in Construction
Employees, managers, or others are working but depending more on fraud
participant in a construction project is following fraud
Have you ever been deceived? And from which stakeholder?
Analysis of the participants who are deceives.

What are the types of fraud that can be followed in a project?
What are the influences or effects rising out
If you had a chance of following fraud would you follow it?
Can a company loose a contract due to deceptive activities?
Have you ever been involved in any litigation cases?
Is there can be a fraud activity which can never be caught?
Is it a must from a fraudulent member to have experience from before?
What are the common or easiest ways of cheating in construction?
How to reduce such issues?
What is your advice for fraudulent members?
00Methodology
The Participants
Type of the project
Do you think fraud is a problem for construction in general?
Analysis of Problem of fraud in Construction
Employees, managers, or others are working but depending more on fraud
participant in a construction project is following fraud
Have you ever been deceived? And from which stakeholder?
Analysis of the participants who are deceives.

What are the types of fraud that can be followed in a project?
What are the influences or effects rising out
If you had a chance of following fraud would you follow it?
Can a company loose a contract due to deceptive activities?
Have you ever been involved in any litigation cases?
Is there can be a fraud activity which can never be caught?
Is it a must from a fraudulent member to have experience from before?
What are the common or easiest ways of cheating in construction?
How to reduce such issues?
What is your advice for fraudulent members?

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Project
Fraud in construction is the essential element that affects the improvement of the construction and the individuals who are involved. As the backbone of a country’s construction system to improve the economy, creating best working environment for people and deliver higher return of investment for the client. Grant thornton international, a global advisory firm, recently issued a report on fraud in the construction industry in Australia, Canada, India, the US and UK the statistics are sobering:
3.4% of all fraud cases reported over a two-year period were in construction.

The median average loss was US$300,000 which approximately equal to 115,400 OMR.

Fraud impacts 10% of the industry’s total revenues in the UK.

Applying these data pints to global construction and its projected growth suggest that fraud and corruption could account for US$860 billion which approximately equal to 330 OMR billion today and US$1.5 trillion which approximately equal to 0.60 OMR trillion by 2025.
Grant thornton adds an accelerating factor: https://www.grantthornton.com
”As the global economy recovers, activity across the construction industry will increase. This will bring more opportunities for fraud.” Grant thornton cites project complexity and project team diversity as fraud risks:
”the longer the number of stakeholders involved in a project, the more opportunity there are for fraud. In addition to, perpetration from inside the company suppliers such as: contractors, sub-contractors and even lending organization must be considered risks to be addressed as part of company’s fraud exposure management policy.”
Cheating is an illegal act committed by stakeholders, also known as stakeholder fraud. There are many cheating cases by stakeholder which can be defined as the people who are involved in the project or directly affected by the project activities. Commercial projects are the ones mostly affected by this issue, because most of the projects in Muscat are commercial projects, and this leads them to earn more profit. (High-scale projects can be like Avenues mall – (145,000 m2), medium-sized projects such as: panorama mall – (10,000-50,000 m2), and small projects for example: Al-Seeb mall-(9,000 m2).)
The presentation will illustrate the effect of cheating by the project participants: “the owner, Construction team, and the design team”, commercial projects which may lead to it’s failure. Also help and contribute other members to get rid of problems.

Through the points mentioned in the previous paragraph, as one of the project members, obtaining a well-organized, successful, and integrated project is present, which makes the project participants proud of the work that have been done. This can give others a positive vision, a good idea and also an excellent background undertaken for future projects.

1.2 Objective / Aim of the Project:
Contribute to reduce the fraud in the projects.

To know the cheating participants before hand, and be careful.

To avoid cheating that can occur in / during the project which can lead to it’s failure and over cost.

Be well-prepared to face any problems that may rise during construction.

Having a well-organized and successful project.

Evaluate the factors influencing in a project which is free from cheating.

1.3 Importance of the Project:
Achieving a project which is free from all kinds of fraud and deception, which helps to improve commercial projects in Muscat. However, to reach this goal it may or may not be easy, but for neither way a strict rule has to be followed which overcomes to stop this issue.

It’s also important to put some penalties and punishments for hoaxers, and hose punishments