Many species are affected negatively by urban development however bees are one of the few species that are not affected too badly. Certain bees have been affected positively by urban development while others have been affected negatively. Bees tended to be spread out in their habitats however now these urban developed areas include places that hold many flowers and is great for the bees during pollination period of the year. There has been a major decrease in bee populations all across the world (McFrederick and LeBuhn, 2005). Urban development has made a positive effect on bees because bees depend on flowers for their resources to survive but there is also a negative effect. These flowers depend on the bees for their pollination services which also positively impacts the bees. Bees have a positive effect on the resources available in cities compared to natural areas due to there being more flowers in cities (McFrederick and LeBuhn, 2005).
The suburban areas of cities tend to have a positive effect on many different bee species when compared to forests and cities. There are many more bees living in suburban areas compared to dense natural forests due to there being many more different types of environments and open places. Yards and roadsides are two of the most popular places for bees to build their homes and stay in suburban areas (Carper et al, 2014).
Parks, grassy areas, and community gardens are a few examples of places bees could be affected positively the most in urban developed areas. Parks tend to have many flowers giving bees a great place to forage for resources so they can sustain their lives (Matteson et al, 2008). The parks may have flowers but the tightly packed dirt in parks cause bees that live in the dirt to go elsewhere. Depending on where the specific bee species makes its home in parks can help tell that urban development is good in ways but at the same time is hurtful for many species (Matteson et al, 2008). Grassy parts in urban areas are great for bee species that live in the ground. The bees are able to make a home as long as the dirt is not compacted because bees are not able to break compacted dirt to build homes. Many places do not have compact dirt so it is possible for some bee species to live in those parts of an urban developed place. Community gardens tend to have a negative effect on bees in urban environments. Due to many community gardens being places in vacant lots and parking lots the location makes it hard for bees to want to be in the area. These environments can be good for few species of bees but overall community gardens negatively affect bees. The localization in these areas will be lower and the bees pollination services may not be provided (Matteson et al, 2008). Urban development overall has a more negative impact than positive impact on bees.
Human interaction in natural bee communities also has a negative effect just like urban development. Natural habitats for bees are mostly dense forests. The more humans interact in these dense forests the number of bees in the area will decrease and the richness of the species in the habitat will decrease (Winfree et al, 2006). Bees in natural habitats don’t like disturbances in their habitats therefore many will migrate if there is heavy disturbance which leads to the best species of bees moving first. Small amounts of anthropogenic noise will not cause a negative impact on the bees habitat , however, a big amount can cause a negative impact and result in the bees moving locations (William et al, 2010). Some species are used to the natural habitat loss due to urbanization therefore the bees will move into new places in the developed area which is usually grassy parts and roadsides of suburban areas. The specific location of the bees nest can also impact how badly the bees are affected. Bees with below ground nests will not have as negative of a impact on human interaction as above ground nests (William et al, 2010).
Urban development and human interactions both negatively impact bees environments. Humans should try to conserve all natural habitats of bees in order to keep them doing the job they need to do in the ecosystem. For areas where there is already too much urban development from humans, there should be studies done to see what would be a great human built environment that can positively affect almost all species of bees.