Ramses II , ancient Egyptian Nineteenth Dynasty pharaoh (circa May 31, 1279 – about 1213 BC (July or August reign), its ruling period is the last powerful era of the new kingdom of Egypt. He conducted a series of expeditions to restore Egyptian rule over Palestine . He had a conflict of interest in Syria with Hittite , another powerful empire of the same time . When in mid of 13th century , the king of the Hittite kingdom passed away and the new King Hadushile III took over, then the two countries concluded a peace treaty and became military alliances. The Egyptian Hittite Peace Treaty is arguably the first famous international agreement in history. Both the Egyptian text and the Hittite text were preserved and were discovered by modern archaeologists.
Perhaps due to concerns about Hittite’s military power, Ramesses II ordered the construction of a new city in the north-eastern Nile Delta and named it Peel-Lamis (meaning Rameses ‘ home).
Ramesses II may be Egypt’s most famous pharaoh . His enthusiasm for large-scale civil engineering has left his mark on all parts of Egypt : he built many temples in Abidos and Rameshim ; he added new structures to the Karnak Temple and Luxor Temple ; he built The magnificent Abu Simbel Temple . Many buildings built by former pharaohs were also engraved with his name. Ramesses II has an equally large family.
Ramses II is undoubtedly one of the most important pharaohs in Egyptian history . However, the era of his reign was already on the eve of the decline of Egypt . The country’s huge expenses have accelerated the decline of national power. After Ramosis II died, Egypt began to decline.
When he passed away at the age of 91, he became the representative of Egypt .
One of the most famous pharaohs in ancient Egyptian history has a legendary life. He is a powerful king, an invincible general, an affable father and a tireless builder. Ramses II, Ramesses II, Ramesses the Great, with these auras in place, was in office for about 67 years. Until today, he still enjoys these prestige. The enemy feared him. His subjects loved him. The gods blessed him. Ramses II, who lived in the 19th dynasty of ancient Egypt , left an indelible imprint in human history.
In 67 years of his reign, he had eight queens, and countless others; there were more than 100 sons and daughters, of whom 12 sons with legitimate inheritance passed away; at the time, the average life span of the ancient Egyptians was only 40 years old. He lived in his 90s; he liked to boast about his experience
On the building, statues that have never been forgotten to be deified have been erected in all parts of Egypt, and are in line with God. The battle of the Kalithea made him a general in the minds of his subjects. He used his diplomacy to sign contracts with the Hittites . As an archeologist of ancient Egypt, he retained the glories of the times for the world. These legendary experiences and distinctive personalities are concentrated in him—historians are regarded as Ramses II, the most famous pharaoh of ancient Egyptian history.