SCHOOL OF AGRICULTURE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY DEPERTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMIC AND EXTENSION PROGRAMME OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION EDUCATION COURSE CODE

SCHOOL OF AGRICULTURE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
DEPERTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMIC AND EXTENSION
PROGRAMME OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION EDUCATION
COURSE CODE: AEE 390
COURSE TITTLE: FIELD ATTACHMENT.

NAME: MULWA MUSAU
REG NO: A102/0133G/15
ATTACHMENT REPORT SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULLFILLMENT FOR THE AWARD OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION EDUCATION
DECLARATION
I DECLARE THAT THIS REPORT IS MY ORIGINAL WORK AND HAS NEVER BEEN SUBMITTED IN ANY UNIVERSITY FOR THE AWARD OF A DEGREE
STUDENT…………………………..SIGNATURE……………………………….

SUPERVISOR…………………………SIGNATURE………………………………

ACKNOWLEGMENTI would like to appreciate all who made my attachment successful and of a great importance. First, i would like to thank the Almighty God for the knowledge, wisdom care and protection that He gave me throughout the attachment period.

Secondly i would like to thank Karatina University for the good recommendation that made it possible for me to be given a chance in the organization i was attached in and also equipping me with the needed skills to be able to carry out my attachment successful. Thirdly, i would like to thank Kitise Rural Development fraternity and more so the project coordinator for giving me a chance to be attached in that organization.

My special and sincere appreciation to my supervisors both the university supervisor and the organizational supervisor for their endless help on daily basis for me to be equipped with the right skills in agricultural extension field. Lastly, i would like to thank the Kitise community for accepting me in their community and treating me as one of the staff in that organization.

ABSTRACT
Kitise Rural Development is situated in Kitise/Kithuki ward, Makueni sub- county, Makueni county. This area is a semi-arid which gets low rainfall of 800mm-1200mm annually. The area faces severe problems of water scarcity and food insecurity due to frequency occurrence of droughts. This has made the area vulnerable thus being a concern of many Non-Governmental Organization NGO’S. This problems faced in the area contributed to the beginning of Kitise Rural Development KRD.This organization was started to mainly deal with the water problem that was really making the community in this area to suffer and lag behind in terms of development. This CBO has a vision of making an effective organization that is accessing and utilizing resources and opportunities for empowerment and development of the community. Its mission is to enhance the capacity of the community to organize itself and take control of its own development and achieve self-reliance.

The organization has three department namely; department of livelihood, department of WASH and the department of health. In my attachment i was attached in the department of livelihood. The head of the department of livelihood was my supervisor whom i worked under. In this department was able to undertake different activities and roles. This include; organizing and conducting beneficiary trainings and meetings, farm/field visits and provision of extension services to farmers especially in the area of SMART Agriculture, mobilization of community members , office management duties e.g. book keeping, database update of farmers and distribution of farm inputs. This organization has helped the community improve their lives
Contents
TOC o “1-3” h z u ACKNOWLEGMENT PAGEREF _Toc523089704 h 2ABSTRACT PAGEREF _Toc523089705 h 3CHAPTER ONE PAGEREF _Toc523089706 h 6INTRODUCTION PAGEREF _Toc523089707 h 6VISION PAGEREF _Toc523089708 h 7MISSION PAGEREF _Toc523089709 h 7CHAPTER TWO PAGEREF _Toc523089710 h 8ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE PAGEREF _Toc523089711 h 8OFFICE ORIENTATION PAGEREF _Toc523089712 h 9CHAPTER THREE PAGEREF _Toc523089713 h 10EXTENSION VISITS TO DIFFERENT FARMER FIELD SCHOOLS. PAGEREF _Toc523089714 h 10KITISE FARMER FIELD SCHOOL PAGEREF _Toc523089715 h 10KAVINGONI FARMER FIELD SCHOOL PAGEREF _Toc523089716 h 10KATHAMBONI FARMER FIELD SCHOOL PAGEREF _Toc523089717 h 11CHAPTER FOUR PAGEREF _Toc523089718 h 14FIELD VISITS ON DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF VARIOUS FARM STRUCTURE PAGEREF _Toc523089719 h 14Factors to consider in poultry design and construction PAGEREF _Toc523089720 h 14FISH POND DESIGN AND CONTRUCTION PAGEREF _Toc523089721 h 15Factors to consider in fish pond design and construction. PAGEREF _Toc523089722 h 15ATTENDANCE OF TECHNICAL STAFF SEMINAR PAGEREF _Toc523089723 h 15CHAPTER FIVE PAGEREF _Toc523089724 h 17ATTENDED AN AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY OF KENYA (A.S.K) MACHAKOS SHOW WHERE I WENT THROUGH THE FOLLOWING DEMONSTRATION ON THE STANDS PAGEREF _Toc523089725 h 17GROWING OF ARROW ROOTS IN DRY AREAS VIA RAINS SUPPLEMENTED WITH IRRIGATION PAGEREF _Toc523089726 h 17DEMONSTRATION OF GREEN GRAMS ESTABLISHMENT (HYBRID N26) PAGEREF _Toc523089727 h 17TARGETED AREA OF PRODUCTION PAGEREF _Toc523089728 h 18CROP MANAGEMENT PAGEREF _Toc523089729 h 18DEMONSTRATION ON ESTABLISHMENT OF MAIZE ( DUMA 43 VARIETIES) PAGEREF _Toc523089730 h 19VISITATION OF FARMER GROUPS PAGEREF _Toc523089731 h 23VISITS TO KWA KYAMBU WOMEN GROUP PAGEREF _Toc523089732 h 23VISITS TO KITISE S.A SELF HELP GROUP PAGEREF _Toc523089733 h 24STREGTHS OF KITISE RURAL DEVELOPMENT. PAGEREF _Toc523089734 h 25CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………25
RECOMENDATION…………………………………………………………………………………………………………25
CONCLUSION………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..26

CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTIONKitise Rural Development is a Community Based Organization CBO operating in Kitise-Kithuki ward. It was started by community members in 2005 to address the problem of water scarcity and horticultural problems. The community used its own resources to carry out the activities. Since the area where the CBO is situated is a semi-arid area, the resources produced by the community members were not enough for them to solve the problem and so they sought for external assistance and support. The leaders went ahead and wrote a proposal to Dorcas Aid International.

In 2007,the proposal written to Dorcas was answered positively. The team first did a need assessment to ascertain that what the people were talking about was the truth and later in the year, the donor funded the CBO. Funding from this donor aimed at first Water, Sanitation and HygieneWASH.This helped the people to do water catchment by constructing dams and also purchasing some tanks for the people. This really helped the people to reduce water problems in the area though not fully helped since the area received low rainfall.

Later in 2008, it was found that the people of this area i.e. Kitise community were facing a problem with housing including the CBO that had no office. They used to do meetings in a kiosk at Kitise market. An office for the CBO was build up and this served as the housing design to be used to build houses in the community. The most needy community members were built houses and latrines for hygiene purposes.

In 2010, HIV/Aids program was funded. This used to create awareness to the community members about the diseases and also they were doing testing to the people since the organization had a VCT centre. Also a project about food security i.e. agriculture came in. The aim of this was to solve the problem of food that the people faced. This project created awareness to the people about planting drought resistant crops and also about the best way to do their farming in that semi-arid area. The CBO later partnered with the Aphia plus Kamili in June 2014 which dealt with helping orphans and vulnerable children. The organization also partnered with the Lutheran World Relief which helped in food security project.

The contract between Dorcas Aid and the CBO i.e. Kitise Rural Development came to an end in 2015.In that same year the organization wrote a proposal to the Donor requesting for the renewal of the contract and this time round dealing with three wards i.e. Kitise-Kithuki ward which they dealt with at first, Mavindini ward and Kathonzweni ward. In 2016, the donor renewed the contract for three years i.e. 2016, 2017 and 2018.This lead to the beginning and the end of some projects.HIV/Aids and the food security projects exited and led to the beginning of a project that is known as KICDP Kathonzweni Integrated Community Development Project.This consists of the three departments which include WASH, Health and Livelihood department. This is the ongoing projects up to date.

The organization has vision, mission and core values which guide the organization to run smoothly.

VISIONTo form an effective organization that is accessing and utilizing resources and opportunities for empowerment and development of the community
MISSIONTo enhance the capacity of the community to organize itself and control of its own development and achieve self-reliance.CORE VALUES
Transparency and accountability
Honesty
Hard work
Professionalism
Commitment
Team work
CHAPTER TWOORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTUREIn order to carry out its mandate effectively, KRD has the following organizational framework
Beneficiaries
Projects volunteers
Village/group committees
Project implementation staff
Project Management committee
Management board committee

Kitise rural development is now divided into three departments. They include thefollowing;
1. Department of livelihood
Establish and support Farmer Field Schools.

Support farmers on goat keeping.

Support farmers on chicken rearing.

Train SHG on entrepreneur and link them with microfinance.

Train farmers on green grams value chain.

Train farmers on milk value chain.

Support pastures commercialization value chain.

2. Department of WASH
Extend water to villages from boreholes around.

Training water management committees.

Sensitize community on safe water handling at the point of use.

3. Department of health
Mobilize and create awareness on delivery/postnatal health.

Conducting community outreach on immunization and family planning.

Sensitize community on sanitation through community led total sanitation.

Support school to improve their sanitation.

OFFICE ORIENTATIONThrough office orientation i learned the following;
Information desk management that entails record keeping of all visitors who visits the office to enquire any information.

How to be in touch with other senior agricultural officers.

How to profile farmers group for project implementation.

General coordination of the office.

Keeping memos and dairies on attended and unattended field activity.

CHAPTER THREEEXTENSION VISITS TO DIFFERENT FARMER FIELD SCHOOLS.KITISE FARMER FIELD SCHOOLPests and Disease Control on Pigeon peas
Pigeon Peas (Cajanus cajan l) is an important legume crop belonging to the Fabaceae family. During the extension visits, among the various constraints limiting Pigeon Pea production, insects pests are the major ones. The insect pests causes economic loss by attacking the crop at vegetative and reproductive stages are, Pod borer, Legume pod borer, Pod fly, among others.

Mostly, these insect pests causes over 80% of the crop yield loss and need to be controlled as soon as possible. Farmers were advised to use some insecticide to control them which included spraying of synthetic Pyethroid, Quinalphos and Oricide Profenophos among others. For insects such as Caterpillars they were advised to use Escort, Bestox and Legacy for they were effective in controlling it. For diseases such as Powdery advised to use Nativo and Ridomil. Mildew they were
KAVINGONI FARMER FIELD SCHOOLPasture Seed Harvesting Methods
During training on commercial pasture production, farmers were taught viable natural grass seed harvesting procedures. Commercial pasture production falls under semi arid region of Makueni County. Frequent droughts, increased land degradation activities, lack of planting materials, inadequate skills with a lot of focus on crop land at the expense of the pasture land have led to poor pasture land condition due to continuous grazing. Almost completely bare and therefore they lose top soil through runoff. The viable pasture seed harvesting methods discussed were as follows;
Stripping method-do not use force to pull out the seed, just do it gently to get the ready seed only.

The ‘wimbi’ method-as if you are harvesting wimbi, but the stock with a single have.

The ‘rice’ method-cut, the whole stock 3-4 inches above the ground and leave it for 2-3 days for ease of seed removal.

On pasture and fodder conservation and preservation,one can use rotational grazing or Hay bailing using various technologies depending on experience, ability and scale of operation. Hay bailing involves cutting and drying the pasture under the shade during times of plenty in the rain season as a strategy for dry season feeding when pasture are scarce. Properly kept hay stay for a long time and the nutritional content of the hay depends on stage of cutting and storage conditions.

KATHAMBONI FARMER FIELD SCHOOLMango pests and diseases and control
Mango(Manginifera indica) is a fruit crop which mainly does well in most areas of Makueni County and needs care. Like any other crop, it is attacked by pests and diseases and which are a threat especially in Makueni include the following; Anthracnose, Powdery mildew, Mango weevil and Mango fruit fly. These diseases and pests attack mango at different stages of production.For instance Anthracnose disease will tend to attack during the following stages new vegetative flush, flower bud initiation, early flowering, late flowering and most probably in mid-flowering. The disease can be controlled by spraying with Anthracol. During flower bud initiation, early flowering, mid-flowering, late flowering, Powdery mildew may attack the tree and can be controlled by spraying with a fungicide called Nativo. Lastly, between mid-flowering, late flowering, fruiting they are attacked by use of a insecticide called Decis which is very effective.

YINTHUNGU FARMER FIELD SCHOOL
Poultry production
Most rural families in Kenya an estimated 75% keep chicken. Indigenous chicken contribute 71% of the total egg and poultry meat produced in Kenya and therefore impact significantly on rural trade welfare and food security of smallholder farmers. Indigenous chicken are very important enterprise to the family due to the following;
Initial investment is less than that needed to keep commercial breeds.

More tolerant to harsh conditions, including diseases.

Can be fed on cheap, locally available feeds.

Local markets are readily available for both eggs and chicken.

They require less space compared to other livestock enterprises.

They feed themselves by scavenging hence less labour required.

When allowed to range freely, they need little feeding or other care.

The productivity of chicken has not improved due to the following factors;
High chick mortality.

Inadequate access to improved breeds.

Limited access to affordable feeds to supplement the birds.

Inadequate knowledge and skills in poultry production.

Poultry diseases and parasites.

KITISE FARMER FIELD SCHOOL
Soil and water conservation measures
Soil and water are very important element in plant growth and needs to be conserved for prevention of soil erosion. Some of these methods included;
Mulching – a either a natural or artificially applied layer of plant residue or other material on the surface of the soil with the objective of moisture conservation, temperature control, reduction of runoff and soil erosion, improvement of soil structure and weed control among other importance.

Rotation of crop- it means growing a set of crops in a regular succession over the same field within a specified period of time .Continuous growing causes more soil erosion. It also helps in removal of plant nutrients in a uniform way from future depth of soil in dry farming region.

Planting of grasses for stabling bunds-grasses prevents soil erosion and improve soil structure. The entire soil mass is penetrated by countless roots and soil aggregates and particles are enmeshed by the root system.

nting of tress and forestation-forests conserve soil and water quite effectively. They not only obstruct the flow of water, but also the falling leaves provide organic matter which increases the water holding capacity of the soil.

Strip cropping-consists of growing erosion permitting crops and erosion resistaing crops in alternate strips.

CHAPTER FOURFIELD VISITS ON DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF VARIOUS FARM STRUCTUREFactors to consider in poultry design and construction
Choose appropriate land size-choose the land size in accordance with the type of chicken you would like to rear e.g. layers require 2 square feet and chicks require 1 square feet .In case you construct a small poultry house problems may arise such as injuries, pecking and diseases.

House orientation –the poultry house should be in the east-west orientation and the east and west should have a solid wall to prevent draught and direct sunlight into the house.

On the north and south have at least 3-4 feet of chicken wire and can be covered with heavy sacks at night to prevent coldness.

Have a foot bath with disinfectants- this is just a small pool at the entrance of the chicken run.

There are several disinfectants that can be used e.g. KUPACIDE from Coopers Kenya LTD or Ultraxide from Ultravetis.

House ventilation- chicken always need fresh supply of air in order to prevent some of the common respiratory diseases that affect them
You should install four feet of wire mesh on both the North and south.

Perches- put resting poles in the house where the birds can rest
The floor- there should be a hard floor made of concrete or murram. In order to keep the house dry , add 3 to 4 inches of sawdust or wood shavings.

Change the wood shavings after every two weeks when they simply need replacement based on the observation.

Cleaning- the house should be cleaned every week and if you are planning to introduce chicks disinfect the entire house a day before the introduction of the new batch of chicks.

This will prevent parasites and diseases from afflicting the new chicks.

FISH POND DESIGN AND CONTRUCTIONFactors to consider in fish pond design and construction.Area-consider the climate of the area you want to do the fish farming. This influences the decision on which fish variety to farm.E.g Trout is best reared in cold places while Tilapia and Cat fish do well in warm places.

Water availability- fish are aquatic animals and therefore require water for survival. The quality of pond water will determine the health of your fish. Ensure there is clean water flow and air into the pond. A good water inlet and outlet will enhance good circulation of oxygen in the water.

Size- the size of fish pond will determine the number of mature fish the pond can hold. Never overpopulate a pond as fish will complete for both space and food.

Types of fish –the type of fish you intent to rear in the pond. This will enable you to make decision of the size of the pond and the number to put in each pond.

Location- the most ideal place is where runoff water cannot flow as it could bring harmful organisms that could contaminate the pond.

Soil- the soil should be of good quality with little or no gravel or rocks the best soils is clay soil or at least the soil should have some clay layers.

Legal issues- you should also consider if there is any legal issues that would affect your ability to culture fish. E.g. Land use act, Water act, Environment management coordination act.

ATTENDANCE OF TECHNICAL STAFF SEMINARDiscussion on the different value chains that one should advice the farmer to venture on;
Dairy farming as a value chain
Green grams value chain
Pasture production value chain
Aquaculture
The different segments in value chains are as follows;
Pre-production production product handling transformation transport and handling consumption
As an agricultural officer you should advice the farmers on different stages in value chain and how they can work hard to fit into any of the stages
CATEGORIES IN VALUE CHAIN OPERATORS AND THEIR RELATION
Specific inputs farmers (primary producers) packer , processors( agro industries) traders, sales points( supermarket) butter, powder milk(pasteurized milk)
Example of value chain
Feeds, good dairy breed A.I, vaccination, diseases and pests, feed chilling, processing, packaging transport, distribution, selling prepare, consume
CHAPTER FIVE ATTENDED AN AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY OF KENYA (A.S.K) MACHAKOS SHOW WHERE I WENT THROUGH THE FOLLOWING DEMONSTRATION ON THE STANDS GROWING OF ARROW ROOTS IN DRY AREAS VIA RAINS SUPPLEMENTED WITH IRRIGATION
Construct Zai-pits that are 2*3*2
As you dig up separate the soil from top and put each aside
Fit the zai –pits with polythene paper
Mix the top soil with manure and return half of it to the pit and water the soil
Return the sub soil a half of it also it into pit having mixed with manure and water
Plant your arrow roots seedlings which should be 40 seedlings per pit
Continue watering as you return the soil bit by bit respectively into the zai- pits each month until the zai pits flatten
You can harvest your arrow roots after six months they are mature
NB/ this can be done during rainy season and require water harvesting in small earth dams for small scale farmers and reservoirs in order to supplement the rains.

This technology can also be practiced close to river areas. The technology has been developed and implemented around Makindu by farmers.

DEMONSTRATION OF GREEN GRAMS ESTABLISHMENT (HYBRID N26)
Short description
Has a determined growth habits
Flowers are auxiliary on short panicles and are purple in colourPonds are black and contain shiny green grains
85% of the grains are shiny green and bold
Flowers in 40-45 days
Potential yield ranges from 300- 1500kg/ha and 520-600kg/acre
TARGETED AREA OF PRODUCTION
N26 is well suited in well drained sandy loam soils and because of its earliness it has proofed more suitable and successful in the drier areas of lower machakos, kitui, tharaka mbeere and Makueni County.

The variety is recommended for cultivation in both arid and semi arid and well watered areas of between 50-1600mm above sea level.

At an elevation of 1800m above the sea level have very poor ponds set.

CROP MANAGEMENTLand preparation
The field should be well prepared without big soil clods and have a fine tilth.

Hoe, oxen and tractor can also be used for ploughing.

Time of planting
Early planting is recommended but not for 300mm of rain fall is received
Spatial planting is recommended
Method of planting
When using oxen plough for planting place the seed at the side of the furrow
Seed rate is 10-15 kg/ha and 4-6 kg/ acre
The depth of planting should be at-least 4-5cm
Sole spacing
The distance between rows should 45cm and between plants 15cm weeding. Should be done 2wks after emergence and 2nd weeding before flowering
Fertilizer application
N26 does not respond well to nitrogen and phosphates fertilizer application. Therefore in most cases is not necessary to apply them.

However where the soils are highly eroded and very deficient with those nutrients a basal dose of 10-15kg per ha of nitrogen and 20-26kg of single or triple super phosphate fertilizer may be broadcasted.

Insects and pests control
Aphids-karate,thiodin,Sherpa plus
Thrips-thiodin,Shera plus,duduthrinPonds sucking bugs dimethoate,sharpa plus
Apian beetle-karate,thiodinBrachids-super actellicThis should be applied at the manufactures recommended rate
Diseases
Powdery mildew is prevalent during the long rains wherelse yellow mosaic virus occurs in both seasons.

Use Benomyl and copper oxycloride to control the diseases.

Harvesting should be done when 95% of the ponds have tuned black.

When the ponds do not mature at the same rate uproot the entire plant and sundry before threshing.

Storage
The mug beans should be well dried before storage to avoid weevil attack recommended to store the grains in well sealed containers or bags.

When stored in bags the grains should be protected from weevil attack using supper actallic at 50gm/90kg bag.

Ash or neem leaves to the dried grains can also be good preservatives.

DEMONSTRATION ON ESTABLISHMENT OF MAIZE ( SAWA VARIETIES)Mainly developed for dry areas.

Matures faster depending on the amount of rainfall (75-90) days to mature.

In case of low amount of rainfall, matures early.

It can also withstand high temperatures.

CAN fertilizer is the best for top dressing.

Yields vary with the amount of rainfall.

One kilogram of seeds produces at least 8 bags.

DEMONSTRATION ON PRODUCTION OF COMPOUND ORNAMENTAL (HOMESTEAD FLOWERS)
Originated from South Africa.

Produces seeds and is established on seedbed 1st for them to germinate.

Has a germination percentage of 95%.

Seedlings are transferred to nursery bed for further hardening.

The seedlings can also be watered during the dry seasons.

The flowers are planted around the homestead during the rainy season.

DEMONSTRATION ON ESTABLISHMENT OF GRAFTED APPLE MANGO
Use local mango seedlings verses improved mango scion.

Plant at the onset of rains.

It takes only two years to start flowering.

Also produces 3 to 4 times a year.

The diseases that attack the mango plant are more so the White fly.

DEMONSTRATION ON HOW TO ESTABLISH AND USE MORINGA (ALIFERA)
Locally known as Mulinga.

It has medicinal value
ESTABLISHMENT
Since it produces seeds its established on seedbed for the seeds to sprout before being transferred to the nursery bed for further hardening.

The seedlings should be planted in a pit that is 2x2x2 square feet and should be planted at the onset of rains and if planted in dry seasons it should be watered.

It can be planted in all areas.

Harvest after a period of 4 to 5 months.

USAGE
The leaves are harvested and cooked together with food or sun dried and grounded into powder.

The powder is also mixed with boiling water to make a beverage.

The powder is also a value addition to the storage of grains.

Taking a glass of the beverage each day acts as a vaccine to prevent attack by all kind of diseases.

DEMONSTRATION ON NATURAL PASTURE IMPROVEMENT
Planting of adapted range grass species and especially the indigenous grass species or varieties that can be grown around the drier parts of Makueni County.LOCAL NAMEBOTANICAL NAMEENGLISH NAME
MbeetwaEragrastosis superbMasai love grass
KililiChloris roxiburgianHorse tail
NguuEntaropogan macrostachyusBush rhyeDatakivumbuCenchrus ciliarisFox tail
ESTABLISHMENT
Loosen the compacted soils before planting.

Plant the seeds through broadcasting method during the dry season when the rains are near.

The pasture can be established through range pita or ox- plough furrows.

Plant 3 kilograms of all the varieties per ha for Hay purposes but for seed harvesting the varieties should be planted on pure stands.

The germination percentage is around 65% since birds feed on the seeds after broadcasting plus the dormancy cases.

Harvest the grass when green for Hay making or bailing but if one wants seeds wait until it turns brown.

NOTE
Avoid grazing during the first season of establishment but during February-March season allow light grazing and do not overgraze.

During the second harvesting the grass should be trimmed a bit shorter than before.

Terrace the dry areas to harvest water for the grass—diverting water to the established grass.

The grass pasture is uprooted after six years to be established newly.

The broadcasting period is done during the short rains period (November-December)
CHAPTER SIX
VISITATION OF FARMER GROUPSVISITS TO KWA KYAMBU WOMEN GROUPI accompanied my supervisor (Agricultural officer) to Kwa Kyambu women group for capacity building and training of farmers on dairy farming value chain project to be initiated and implemented by KRD-organization whose aim is to produce more milk in Makueni County in partnership with department of livestock.

ABOUT THE GROUP
The group started in year 2000 with a membership of 50 members.

The group engages in production of maize, beans both for consumption and sales.

They uphold a slogan “operation mwolyo out” initiative in ukambani that aims at eliminating any donation of relief food in Makueni.

They also engage in poultry keeping.

Pays school fees for children of the less fortune members of the group.

They also buy water tanks for each group member through marry-go round.

They also pays dowry to the sons of their members.

They also practice table banking.

MY ADVICE TO THE GROUP
To select and uphold good and strong leadership.

To also engage in conservation agriculture.

They should be time conscious.

They should be economical as they engage in table banking.

The members to be active and participate in all group activities.

The members should be serious and cooperate in order to uphold the project by KRD-organization.

WHAT I LEARNED
From the visitation and trainings i learned how to mobilize farmers in order to support project implementation by the county government and other Non-governmental organizations.

VISITS TO KITISE S.A SELF HELP GROUPI also managed to visits Kitise self help group that does the following activities;
Micro-finance practices or table banking-where the group members meet and pay certain amount each ksh 1000 every month and then does immediate loaning to those group members who are in need and then banks what remains.

They also carry out HIV/AIDS counseling and therefore stresses on the importance of HIV testing.

They also assist through home visits for the needy and orphaned within their villages.

The group also engages in livestock and crop production as a source of income to sustain their families.

WHAT I LEARNED
Its good to assits each other through table banking and marry-go-round activities.

Community initiated groups should coordinate in such a way that they uphold and promote agriculture as a source of wealth.

MY ADVICE TO THE GROUP
They should maintain transparency in their leadership as pertains to what they contribute through their table banking.

They should also work hard and selects good projects that they can maintain financially and implement within the boundaries of their resources.

I also advised them on membership maintenance and that they should invite others to join them.

That they should be in touch with the county government departments and especially agriculture in order to be considered in projects implementation.

STREGTHS OF KITISE RURAL DEVELOPMENT.There is a lot of field exposure to both students on attachment and farmers group.

Interactions and interrelations between the agricultural technical staff and subordinate staff are well natured.

There is well structured trainings, workshop and seminars for farmers and technical staff.

Sand dams, dams and boreholes has been constructed and drilled to ensure more water for agricultural production.

CHALLENGES.Majority of those who carry out agricultural activities are old retired persons thus rendering agriculture useless with little output.

Failure by farmers to practically implement various technical advices by the technical staff such as construction of terraces, draining channels has led to soil erosion problems and thus depreciation of soil fertility.

The planned budgetary allocation its not enough to sustain all the activities that need to be tackled in the field.

Insufficient number of technical staff in the organization while the farmer groups waiting for agricultural related services are many hence not been in a position to meet their needs.

Some of upcoming new technologies should be taught in institution once innovation has been done since some of the farmers go ahead learning more of them hence practicing them and when asked some question concerning them it becomes a challenge to the students.

RECOMMENTATIONS.The organization should look a way to include all gender in agricultural related activities and especially the youth who are energetic enough to produce labor force needed for agriculture
The technical staff should emphasize on the importance of conservation agriculture for production of quality foods for consumption.

The county government should intervene to ensure high production is uplifted through provision of loans and subsidized inputs to farmers. (e.g. TETHEKA FUNDS).

The CBO should look for fundraising methods and also partners and this will help the organization to undertake the activities the community needs.

Institutions should give priority some of new technologies once innovation has be done and teach the students as soon as possible. E.g. hydroponic technology
The organization should plan to increase the agricultural technical staff to avoid overworking of the few who are there.

CONCLUSION
In conclusion, the attachment was good and of great importance to me since i have learned many things and through it, i have achieved some of my objectives as an agricultural officer to be in future. Some of the general skills i obtained include mobilization of community members, provision of extension services to farmers, database management and reporting among others.